Textual Humanities: Textexture.com

Textual Humanities: Textexture.com

By Aisling Kilcawley

I wouldn’t consider myself as a “book worm” by a long shot, simply as I don’t take that much time-out to read books. However, that doesn’t mean I don’t read books at all. I enjoy certain books, mostly fiction and mostly apocalyptic. When I find myself to be enjoying the book, I turn into a fanatic. Then when I’m finished, I go for ages without reading again. I suppose the correct term for me would be a “binge reader”.

A particular series of books that I read years ago, “The Mortal Instruments” by Cassandra Clare, is an example of a fanatical phase that I went through. The series consists of six books, five of which I powered through without even blinking and the sixth I had to wait patiently for it to be released, then I powered through that when it was.

With this assignment, it gave me the opportunity to re-cap on this series in a visual and analytical manner, which was a very interesting experience as I’ve grown used to reading fiction on a text basis. I was also very pleased that I was able to recover events that happened in the series, which I had forgotten about.

For this assignment, I decided to focus on the first book, “City of Bones”, as this is the book that everything is introduced in. Here is a brief summary to get an idea of what the book is about: Clary Fray, (Main Character) who is fifteen years-old, heads out to the Pandemonium Club in New York City, she hardly expects to witness a murder― much less a murder committed by three teenagers covered with strange tattoos and brandishing bizarre weapons. Then the body disappears into thin air.

This is where Clary has her first meeting with the Shadowhunters, warriors dedicated to ridding the earth of demons. It’s also her first encounter with Jace, a Shadowhunter who looks a little like an angel and acts a lot like a jerk. Within twenty-four hours Clary is pulled into Jace’s world with a vengeance, when her mother disappears and Clary herself is attacked by a demon. But why would demons be interested in ordinary mundanes like Clary and her mother? And how did Clary suddenly get the Sight? The Shadowhunters would like to know…

The next step I took was finding a visualisation tool that I was comfortable with using and that I found fit for my text. After a lot of searching, I found an interesting tool called www.textexture.com, which filters out the most common used words and then connects them to less significant words used. It allows you to click on a particular word and it will show a network of other words that are connected to that word. Then it shows you quotes from the text that has that word included, along with the word it’s linked to.

As an example, I used chapter four from “City of Bones” as it’s the most important part of the book that explains the entire situation.

Screen Shot 2016-04-09 at 14.37.14

The above screenshot is a network of all the most common words used in this chapter. The larger nodes indicate the most significant words within the chapter, that being the characters of the book. This network shows the relationship between the words. They are connected and somehow related to each other in various ways.

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As I moved my curser around the network, other significant words appear such as the word “Shadowhunter” in the screenshot above.

Screen Shot 2016-04-09 at 14.19.13

This screenshot shows the network after you create your own filtered path. With this example, I first clicked on Clary, which then lead me on to clicking Shadowhunter and then onto Valentine. This is significant as the quotes that are along the side are only to do with the filtered path I chose. After analysing the data I gathered, I found out that Valentine was a Shadowhunter but is now dead.

As someone who had forgotten a lot about the text, I struggled to remember certain terms within the book. Like what a Warlock is for example, so I asked the text by seeing the word “Warlock” pop up in the network and clicking it. It then showed me the definition from one of the quotes inside the text:

Screen Shot 2016-04-09 at 17.10.46

The sort of answers that can be supported through the visualisation that wouldn’t be answered through reading it is the clarification, as it is a lot more distinct than reading the text.

My exploration of the text and the visualisation tool is to make the text more understandable, as it a complex text. It has many different terminologies and using this tool makes it easier to clarify what these mean.

Out of curiosity, I decided to try this tool on a text that I was unfamiliar with seeing as I knew it worked well on the previous text. The website provides a list of texts that other users have already visualised so it was simple for me to choose. I wanted to try a text that had contrast to the previous text, so I chose the speech “I Have a Dream” by Martin Luther King.

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After a lot of searching through this visualisation of the text, I was able to find answers to cultural questions I had about life as a negro in Mississippi in 1963. Like how injustice to the negro community was more common than I thought.

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After clicking on the negro node, the above screenshot shows the network that negro is connected to. Quotes from the speech had also shown up and I was very moved by the contents of the speech containing the word “negro”.

Screen Shot 2016-04-10 at 11.55.37Screen Shot 2016-04-10 at 11.55.54Screen Shot 2016-04-10 at 11.56.39

I was also very moved as Martin Luther King not only tried to unite the negro community into the white community, but tried to unite all communities together.

On another note, the tool I used was very spectacular and unique but I had some problems with loading the page, stating that the website lost the connection to the server on multiple occasions. I also had problems with loading previous texts I visualised, stating that they are there but when I go to load them they weren’t. The task was challenging but very helpful with future navigation of information through texts.


Spatial Humanities: Open Street Map


Spatial Humanities: Open Street Map Participation


Local Neighbourhood on OpenStreetMap



As someone who had no idea that the concept of Open Street Map even existed, I found the experience to be quite perplexing at the beginning, however it miraculously became enjoyable when I learned how the tool worked.

I live near a small village, which happens to be called Clashmore. Clashmore’s nearest town is Youghal (Co. Cork) whereas Clashmore is located in Co. Waterford. I was considering working on Youghal for my Open Street Map assignment but when I looked at Clashmore and saw the considerably large amounts of data that hasen’t been recorded, I figured I’d take on Clashmore.

I began the process by recording where the main village lies (seeing as all it had was just a random road in the middle of nowhere. ) After I showed where the main village was, I decided to show what heritage Clashmore had to offer by adding in walks, old distilleries and old wells. After a series of mistakes, cursing and swearing, I eventually added about 105 contributions and fixed some simple mistakes on the map. I adjusted roads, paths and some building areas.

While I was filling up the map, I was subconsciously thinking to myself, “Why would someone actually use Open Street Map?” Then I started asking myself a series of questions followed by a series of answers, which lead me to my own conclusion:

Question: So why would someone use Open Street Map?

Answer: To be able to navigate around an area.

Question: Why not use Google Maps then?

Answer: Google Maps doesn’t provide the same level of detail that someone may need or want.

Question: Why would they want a certain amount of detail?

Answer: To explore, learn more about an area.

Question: Couldn’t they use a regular detailed paper-printed map?

Answer: They could but as a society that is growing towards the  digital age and is using more digitaltized tools, we are gradually digitalizing data and making it accessible to the world. Can’t exactly share a paper-printed map with someone living thousands of miles away.

Question: Is there any way that local people could use the map?

Answer: The local people play the most important part. They’re the ones with the information and use the map to promote it. They are the ones who digitalise the information.

Conclusion: Open Street Map is used for tourists from all over the world, online and offline.

After reaching my conclusion, I decided to try and map Clashmore to fit tourist needs, online and offline. Just by adding names to the interesting parts of Clashmore, it gives tourists the opportunity to do some online research before visiting the place in the flesh.

Like the Old Distillery for example, by marking it on the map it allows tourists to discover that in it’s peak (which was in the 1800s) this distillery produced approx. 20,000 gallons of whiskey annually. (I didn’t even know that!)

Also St.Mochua’s Well, which is located not far from the village at all. In fact, there’s a beautiful walk-way to it along the river. Using Open Street Map, I was able to mark this on the map for tourists.

Here is the main village of Clashmore:

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Here is the beginning of the walk-way that leads down to St. Mochua’s well:

Screen Shot 2016-03-07 at 15.09.35



Here is where thr walk-way continues alongside the river:


Screen Shot 2016-03-07 at 15.09.44


And here is St. Mochua’s Well:

Screen Shot 2016-03-07 at 15.10.18

Like any review, I do have some doubts about Open Street Map. While I was mapping out houses, I noticed you have the option to fill out the exact address of the house. To me, this would be concerning. I don’t believe there should be an option for this regarding privacy issues. Yes, it’s great that it’s open source but I find filling out addresses is a bit too open.

Another thing about Open Street Map is I find it easier to read the map when I’m editing rather than viewing. When I’m editing I find it clear and easy to distinguish, however when viewing it looks very unrealistic and it is quite difficult to decifer anything.

Applying crowdsourcing initiatives will definitely come more easy to me in the future. I’ll be able to generate data faster as my alaylising skills have proven to be sharper than previously. My experience with Open Street Map has taught me how to catagorize information and file it in a digitalised way, teaching me how to spatial initiate.

If there is any more about Clashmore you would like to know, here is a link to some of the heritage:


Review of a Digital Tool


After a lot of searching through the web and asking through word-of-mouth, I came across a tool that I found particularly intriguing called “Trusper Tips”. This tool is an application that is available on the Apple Store and on Google Play which is soley used for researching purposes.

This tool contains it’s own website: www.trusper.com which allows it to run independently from the app store and be used on the web. You must create an account either with your own e-mail address or you can simply sign in with your Facebook account or Google account.

The website provides information for what the purpose of the app and website is: “Trusper is a free mobile app and website that allows you to quickly share and discover tips of daily life with trusted friends, family, and fans. Whether you are looking or sharing tips on Cosmetics, Beauty, DIY and more, this app enables users and Trusted helpers to create and publish tips with pictures, videos, and captions.” The website also gives information about their goal as an application and website, “Our mission is to provide the most useful app that will connect people through shared interests and change the way the world interacts through knowledge and experience.” I personally find this tool useful for my own research purposes as my curiosity for abstract DIY tips is fulfilled with this app.

The app and website have been available since March of 2014 and has been growing in popularity ever since. The website has also provided a series of Press coverage that has been published since the launch of the application.

The app is very community involved, as for posts that are published, it allows comments to be posted and it even allows private messages to be shared between two users. The app also allows you to follow other users which permits you to see their posts as soon as they publish them. All information and posts are free to access when you create a free account. You can export the data by sharing it (on Facebook, Pinterest and Twitter) or by embedding it.

By downloading the app on my phone, I decided to try using it on the web (on a computer) too and compare the different interfaces. In my opinion, the difference isn’t that great. Both layouts are essentially the same, the web only being an exploded version of the mobile’s interface. Both interfaces allow a page for all the posts from the users you follow, along with a search or explore option that allows you to wander away from the typical posts you see.

Out of curiosity, I decided to try a tip from the app. As someone who enjoys smoothies, I looked up simple recipes using the search tool available. I wanted to try something diverse, so I chose this particular recipe:


After gathering the ingredients, I made the smoothie and I was pleased with the outcome. Judging from the amount of likes the post received, I gather other people were also pleased with the outcome.

I wanted to explore more of what the app had to offer, so as a digital humanities student I do like to read a lot. I decided to type “books” into the search tool and as results, posts about what books to read came up. I scanned the posts and I discovered another thing the website provided. Within the post, beside each recommendation of the book is a feature that allows you to directly download the book from iTunes or Amazon. I was impressed in all honesty.

Of course I was curious about other features then. So, I looked up “music” in the search box and again, a lists of posts came up. I clicked on a particular post and a list of songs came up, the feature to download the songs appeared but also a feature to play the song. I decided to play the song and listen to the quality. Again, I was impressed with the feature. I decided to try the same with “movies” and it also works with that.

As a conclusion to my research, I can confidently say after a long period of trial and error, I understand how the tool works. I think it will allow my future research to be reproducible by how I can use it to lead me to other sources that would even further my research. The app and website are both really usable tools which I would definitely use sometime in the future.

Digital Age: Online Dating


It’s safe to say a lot of us have been down the dating path at some point in our lives. Sometimes it’s messy and sometimes it’s even more messy. It can be incredibly frustrating and a lot of effort is involved but you never know, it could all be worth it to find that one person that is your lobster, as Phoebe from Friends would say.

The Digital Age has had a major influence on everything, including dating itself. Now you can find your other half online. I think it’s safe to say you can literally get anything on the internet nowadays, even a boyfriend/girlfriend. A little weird but then again, the world is a strange place.

So, the Digital Age has allowed us to find our significant other online. Does that mean we’ve given up trying to find them off-screen? Or we’ve just become too scared to actually approach someone in general? Or is it more convenient to find someone online because (a) you already know they’re seeking someone too (b) the threat of rejection isn’t really there and (c) it’s easier to find what you’re looking for. Because let’s face it, if you do come across someone creepy online, all you have to do it block them. Whereas it’s harder to get away from someone who’s creepy in a bar, just saying.

Online dating has loads of advantages and one major disadvantage. The major disadvantage is that it can be very dangerous if you’re not careful about it. However, the one thing I love about online dating is that it gives older people a chance to get back out into the field. Older people obviously do struggle to find new people because they probably have had the same circle of friends for god knows how long and the same job for god knows how long as well. So, online dating gives them that chance and I think it’s pretty cute.

Now, why do younger people online date when they obviously meet new people every day? Well the reasons vary. They could be shy, nervous and timid. If they’re like me in any way, they could be really tall and finding someone who’s also tall (and single) is extremely difficult. Or they could be eccentric and they’re just trying to find someone like themselves.

Online dating sites vary but the one I’m most familiar with would be Tinder. I joined tinder because I was in a major panic. It was September of 6th Year in secondary school and of course the talk about “the Debs” was already beginning. The Grads committee were already talking about the ticket prices and everyone was talking about what kind of dresses they were going to wear. Me being 6ft 2″, I was freaking out about who the hell was going to be my date. As a result, I joined tinder.

I knew the risks of meeting someone who could have been an axe murderer were there but I thought I had plenty of time to make sure they weren’t going to decapitate me.

Anyway, after a long period of trial and error, I found my debs date who happened to be 6ft 7″ so my stress for finding a date went down and my stress for finding a dress that was long enough went up.

So this lad ended up being my boyfriend for a while but unfortunately it didn’t last so I found myself back on tinder again because you also get friendships too from it. Which is also another great thing about it.

So this is another result of the digital age, what more will come out from it?

‘Till next time!


Is Learning with Interactivity the Best Way to Learn?


We’ve all been through different styles of learning throughout the years. Like staring at a book trying to retain information (especially when you’re cramming) or saying the information out loud repeatedly until we manage to remember the information by ourselves. Now to me, that was a very tedious way of learning. It was the kind of learning that would make me dread going to school and procrastinate when it came to studying and doing homework.

I figured out later on that I learn by doing. Doing something with my hands helped me retain information better than mindlessly studying from a book. I figured this out in a number of ways.

In the leaving certificate, I did honors Biology. I know what you’re thinking, “Biology is 100% written, there are no practicals in biology.” but that is not really the case. Biology has A LOT of information to remember but as part of the leaving cert course, we had to remember 22 experiments. These experiments just helped to prove that a certain theory was true in a certain topic we were doing. In Biology class, our teacher provided materials and equipment that allowed us to DO the experiments.

So by doing the experiments, it was much easier for me to remember them. However, there was one particular experiment that we weren’t allowed to do in class because it was too dangerous. Of course this was the experiment I could not get my head around. I had to learn it the way I learned everything else, from the book, which I didn’t like at all.

Another subject in school called DCG (Design and Communication Graphics) was very practical. This subject was all about drawing objects in different views and there was also a project that was worth 40%, which was also very practical. Anyway, I found this subject quite easy because I was doing something with my hands the whole time so I never had a problem with learning.

So I could see that me being interactive with my subjects in school lead to exponential growth in my learning curve so in the future I could use it to my advantage.

Then in college I encountered a documentary called “Bear 71”. Which is a 2012 interactive National Film Board of Canada (NFB) web documentary about a grizzly bear in Banff National Park, who was collared at the age of three and was watched her whole life via trail cameras in the park. The web documentary explores the connections between the human and animal world, and the impacts that the human settlements, roads and railways have on wildlife. It features a map of Banff National Park that allows us to follow Bear 71’s movements by scrolling over the cameras, and look at other users by activating the computer’s webcam. Throughout the documentary, the voice over is put in the perspective of the bear and I found it to be extremely immersive and captivating. This was a new level of interactivity and I found it was a very powerful way of retaining information.

So I decided to dig a little more into interactive learning, seeing as it was becoming a big aspect in my life. I found a website called www.scholastic.com with an article called “Understanding Interactive Learning”. It has a simple explanation of what Interactive Learning is and also a few benefits:

  • What is it?
    Interactive learning is a more hands-on, real-world process of relaying information in classrooms. Passive learning relies on listening to teachers lecture or rote memorization of information, figures, or equations. But with interactive learning, students are invited to participate in the conversation, through technology (online reading and math programs, for instance) or through role-playing group exercises in class. 
  • How does it help?
    In addition to engaging students who are raised in a hyper-stimulated environment, interactive learning sharpens critical thinking skills, which are fundamental to the development of analytic reasoning. A child who can explore an open-ended question with imagination and logic is learning how to make decisions, as opposed to just regurgitating memorized information. Also, interactive learning teaches children how to collaborate and work successfully in groups, an indispensable skill as workplaces become more team-based in structure.

As a conclusion, it looks like interactive learning is becoming a core with teaching. Where else will the evolution of learning take us?

‘Till next time!



Critical Response to the Evolution of Storytelling


Now that there is no 140 character limit on my response to the Evolution of Storytelling, what I attempted to say in my tweet (the tweet placed above^) was that stories began being told by word of mouth. Now, we may never know how the first story was told. Did somebody wake up one day and had an imaginative thought? Or maybe it started as innocently as trying to calm down their family in times of fear and sadness? I’m sure many people have asked the questions but unfortunately digital media didn’t exist back then to record the process.

However, we do have some record of the process. The next form of story telling was engravings on objects. Unfortunately some engravings are so old, nobody can tell if they even tell a story or are just random symbols. Like the engravings from New Grange, Co. Meath. Seeing as it is a passage grave, it is believed the symbols are there to protect the grave from bad spirits or so. But, I suppose we’ll never be sure sure.

Engravings from the Egyptian period however are understood today. The Egyptians used these to tell the stories of their gods but of course we would regard them as “Myths”. For example, the Eye of Horus was used to represent the sun and the moon however it has a back story. The Eye of Horus is a symbol of the god Horus along with the son of Osiris and Isis and as the sun-god. The story states that Horus lost his left eye in his war with Seth to avenge the death of his father. Seth tore the eye into pieces. The left eye, being the moon was discovered by Thoth (the god of wisdom and magic) lying in pieces, but he was able to reassemble them into the full moon.

The Eye of Horus is actually a sequence of images put together into the shape of the eye, representing the pieces that Thoth had found and then resembling them.



Then as the human race evolved, so did the way we told stories. As we became more literate we managed to place words on paper and therefore books were created.

As technology advances, the greater amount of tools are created to provide storytelling. Many websites have been created to allow people to compose their own stories. They allow their users to create their own genre, book cover and story of course! Such websites like Wattpad provide human interaction by having a comments box under each chapter of a book that has been published.

Gaming is certainly a part of the evolution of storytelling. Interacting with a game using a story is a highly effective way of learning and society is growing towards this way as a reliant method. Where else will technology lead us in terms of storytelling?

‘Till next time!




Have Children Been Affected by the Digital Age Positively or Negatively?


When I was younger, I didn’t tend to notice many things about the world around me. I was not a very observant child and was quite oblivious to most things actually. Like why it was dangerous to talk to strangers and to never accept sweets from a man in a van. I figured it was just my parents being strict about silly stuff but now that I’m older I see their reasoning now.

Now that I’m looking back on my memories, I decided to try and uncover the truth behind my childhood’s eyes. One thing that was related to my course in college popped out at me and I decided to dig into it more. I recalled a certain memory from when I was visiting my Mother’s friend’s house, I’d say I was no older than 13 0r 14 at the time. Her friend had two sons and one of them was about 11 years old whereas the other one was about 4. I remember walking in the door and the older son greeted me but the younger son stayed glued to his tablet and awkwardly waved while he continued to play his game. At first I thought nothing of it but as the day proceeded, my Mother’s friend continuously tried to get her 4 year old son to interact with myself and my sister. He would stay interested for about 5 minutes but then he would go back onto his tablet. Frustrated, my Mother’s friend took a different approach by asking him to include us in the game he was playing and suddenly he was a lot more interactive. He started talking, laughing like he was a completely different child. Only now have I begun to ask myself: Have children been affected by the Digital Age positively or negatively?

According to the article Young Children in the Digital Age released by the University of Nevada in 2013, there are many concerns about how much young children use digital media. Too much exposure to digital media could be a problem for children’s eye health, such as red, dry or irritated eyes; blurred vision; or eye fatigue (Page 1). Also back, neck and shoulder pain; and headaches. It could also trigger poor eyesight for kids who are exposed to smart phones at an early age.

Related to the memory of my Mother’s friend’s son, the article mentioned important points about how young children who are exposed to excessive use of digital media may have problems with attention span, sleeping patterns and problems with social, brain and language development.

Why do these problems arise?

From the article it states, “our brains are designed to be effective when a socially interactive environment stimulates curiosity and exploration.” (Page 2 lines 1-3 under brain development). The problem that digital media does to children is that it limits the child’s social interaction which can prolong the child’s brain development and children who spend a lot of time using digital media “have lower levels of personal contentment and have a tendency to get in trouble more often. They also report feeling more sad or bored than their counterparts.” (Page 2 lines 3-6 under social development).

But it’s not all negative, there are extreme positives for children using digital media. Such as learning skills and allowing more creativity into their lives. I think the negatives only occur when it’s used excessively and parents don’t know how much is too much and are not fully aware of what digital media their children are being exposed to.

The article has guidelines for parents in a situation where young children are using digital media, which I think is quite remarkable:

1. Have clear rules and expectations about media usage.

2. Substitute direct interaction and real-world experience alternatives for media time.

3. Do not allow children to own digital devices.

4. Choose positive quality programs/apps for preschoolers and older children.

5. Co-view and enhance parent-child interaction during digital media use.

6. Limit background media exposure.

7. Limit your media use.

(Pages 3-4)

I found the article quite an interesting read so here’s a link to the article if you too would like to read it: https://www.unce.unr.edu/publications/files/cy/2013/fs1322.pdf

As a conclusion to my blog post, the Digital Age can affect children both positively AND negatively, depending on how and how much digital media is exposed.

‘Till next time!


University of Nevada Cooperative Extension:

Fact Sheet-13-22

Young Children in the Digital

Age YaeBin Kim, Area Extension Specialist, Parenting Education

Can YouTubers Make Us Forget To Live Our Own Lives?


Me personally, I never really got into YouTubers. At this stage, everyone knows that YouTubers are people who post their lives on YouTube via video and the more popular they are, the more money they make. I never got into them because I just didn’t have time for them….and also because I don’t care about what they have to say but that’s just my opinion.

I feel like if I did start to watch them, I would be wasting my time with my life by watching them live theirs. I have goals and things I want to do and I don’t want to waste any time by watching things that aren’t related to that.

Don’t worry, I’m not a total hater. Certain YouTubers do post funny, interesting and helpful videos but I just wouldn’t follow their lives like some people would. I’d watch a video here and there from time to time but I wouldn’t feel the absolute impulse to watch them.

My sister however, feels the impulse. So, she is my guinea pig for this topic. She can’t go one day without watching some video from a YouTuber and she also can’t go one day without talking about one. So my Mother and I know a lot about YouTubers without actually watching their videos.

So, can YouTubers make us forget to live our own lives? The answer is yes, well on the basis of my sister and other people I know. My sister talks about all the “cool” things YouTubers do and always says “I wish I could…” and sometimes I think she forgets she can actually do these things too and that YouTubers are normal people.

When I’m home on the weekends, I usually get up around 10 in the morning and I see my sister, on the laptop, watching YouTubers while she eats her breakfast. She usually takes out her earphones to tell me about something that she’s currently watching or gives me an update on the YouTuber’s life. Then adds “I want to do that, it’s so cool.” and my mother usually throws in a parenting strategy by saying “Get a good education, get a good job and you can.” But my sister doesn’t seem think that she’ll one day be able to do these things and is in awe of the YouTubers that they can.

She believes they live perfect lives and they don’t have problems. She only sees what she is allowed to see whereas behind the camera it could be a lot different.

I also believe that my sister tends to be very gullible when it comes to YouTubers. Anything they say, she believes it to be true. In my opinion, is there any way to tell a YouTuber is legitimate? So why do we instantly believe they are who they say they are? Because we see a friendly face to distract us from our own problems at home? Or we think that they do charity it makes them a nice person so they have to be trustworthy, right?

So long story short, my sister invests her life into YouTubers and forgets about her own life sometimes.

‘Till next time!

Critical Response to Openness



Without #openness we restrict the expansion of one’s mind of any1 who is willing to learn & research 4 other ppl’s benefit. #DHUCCtwessay



We as a society, as a nation and as the human race deserve to expand our minds if we want to. The motivation we know does not come easily to all of us, so why be denied access to gaining knowledge when it could probably benefit the world? Benefit your local area? Benefit your friends and family? Even if it’s just benefiting you? Our minds are precious, complex and full of potential. The information is there and ready to read, why not allow people to make use of it? Why waste such valuable information when it could be available to a mind that may not be fortunate enough to pay for it? They could come up with the solution to cancer and other life threatening illnesses. We throw that opportunity away for what? For money? For power? For greed? To me, that’s inhumane and this needs to be extinguished. The demand is there and people who charge for these articles and journals know that and take advantage of it. However, if I were to stand in their shoes, I can understand why they feel like they need to charge for them. It’s their work and they did the research, of course they would think they can charge for it. But, if we just open their minds and show them the opportunities that could be created by allowing their work to be open to the public the whole world would benefit.


Think outside____

the box –>   | info  |

and open it,  | (plz  |

making info  | pay) |

accessible   |_____|

#sharingiscaring #DHUCCtwessayhttp://


The little imitation of a box makes a statement for openness. By using the popular phrase “think outside the box”, it immediately forces us to open our minds for what we’re about to see. The imitation of the box creates a visual outlook of information being locked away and the key to opening it is money. By opening the box, we allow the information to run free and let anyone use it. Information wants to be known and is just waiting for someone to set it free from the confinement it can’t escape from. Information is being controlled by the means of power and greed and knows we’re fighting for its freedom.

Let Information Soar


#openness is freedomofinfo equalaccessand notmaking moneyoffsomeoneswork. Encouragecreativitynot money #DHUCCTwessay




I think when it comes to open accesss, people can relate to this Shiba Inu in a lot of ways. The expression on the dog’s face says it all as it provides the tone of “you can’t be serious” or “wait what you say?” in relation to not having open access to information. “Encourage creativity not money” is a strong statement because encouraging creativity can expand someone’s mind in a vast amount of ways whereas encouraging money limits the potential knowledge the brain can hold.